Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) are legally permitted to establish and operate a One Person Company (OPC) in India. The Companies Act, 2013, allows NRIs to form an OPC, provided they fulfill the eligibility criteria and comply with the necessary regulations. However, it is important to note that at least one director of the OPC must be a resident of India, meaning they should have resided in India for a minimum period of 182 days in the previous calendar year. This resident director can be an Indian citizen or a person who is eligible to stay in India for the required period. By allowing NRIs to form OPCs, India encourages entrepreneurship and provides a favorable environment for NRI business owners to establish and manage their own companies.